8. Library spaces should respond to the Convergence of the different generations and the needs of Of these As a result of the social changes that have been generated today, In the libraries coexist several generations, among them: baby Boomers, generation X and generation Y. Those born later To the year 1982 in technologically developed countries A very particular generation that has as denominator Common being born after the advent of the Internet and the Web. This generation group does not conceive the world without computers, Cell phones, video games, DVDs, as these technologies are Inherent part of their lives. Most have more skills in Use of the new information technologies that their parents and Teachers and, contrary to their previous generation, spend more time To internet that to watch television. This group has been identi- Different names such as: digital natives, millennium generation, Generation .net, Nintendo® generation and even the pejorative Generation “copy and paste”. Library services and buildings Must respond to the characteristics of this new generation of Users. Abram and Luther (2004) make an excellent description Of the behavior of this group, which they call “born with the chip” And how they are distinguished from their predecessors. These digital natives Interact in libraries with other generations. As can be seen in the population censuses of almost All countries, the elderly are a population sector with a Tendency to increase. Today many elderly people are Frequent users of libraries. In many libraries Countries have established special programs, equipment and Physical spaces for the elderly to use the new information technology. Also, programs have been designed For the elderly to interact with young people and Children in story reading programs, among others. An excellent example of the above is the Digital Library of Vega Alta, Puerto Rico, where people And obese children have a modern Entertainment section with LCD screens, which has Wii systems and the Nintendo® Mi Fit program, which allows you to To both generational groups to perform exercises assisted by computer. In this initiative, obese elders and children receive Training and help in the use of video games by young adults Who are certi fi ed trainers. Through this project, this The public library provides an excellent recreational and Exercise to the elderly population that needs it so much. It contributes to familiarize the elderly In the use of digital systems as a sizing, in such a way that They are losing their fear of these technologies and they can benefit Of computer training workshops, e-mail And Internet search offered by the library for this sector Population. This is an innovative strategy to bridge the gap Digital and remove the elderly from their isolation. There is a tendency Generalized to believe that the new technologies are only for Young people, when in fact the elderly are probably one Of the sectors that have the most benefits from them. The foregoing should be taken into account in relation to the Generational interaction in designing library buildings.
9. Library spaces should be suitable for networks Of cooperation and the different styles of work and learning The current social context, a highly Competitiveness, globalized economy, networking, development Of knowledge-based organizations, literacy Technologies, distance education and the proliferation of models for Measuring the quality of organizations dramatically impacts Information services. Users require quick and easy access To information, quality, remote access, immediacy and training. The library evolves in a virtual environment; The power is increased Communication between colleagues from other institutions; community Scienti fi c demands precise and reliable information; Increase Costs of information resources, infrastruc- ture, equipment, Of services and products; Are used the catalogs and resources of Other libraries and information centers and staff are required With very specialized knowledge (F elicié 2007). No library is self-sufficient. In order to comply With all of the above and its mission to provide access Information and meet the challenges presented by the new Model of society, it is essential to establish Cooperation at local, national, regional and international levels. Is Strategic alliances with Community that the library serves, with the government, the Private, non-governmental organizations (NGOs). This requires Libraries have the infrastructure and Technologies that require inter-library cooperation networks And other information centers. In view of the different styles of work and Learning process, the library should also have spaces for Individual study, as well as spaces for group study, work Collaborative, open spaces and removable walls that fit To the needs of each day or each group.
10. The spaces should provide options, both virtual As presence In recent years, the grandiloquent speech has prevailed And optimistic about digital libraries. Many affirm that All have to access and master the new technologies of the Information and communication and that the connection to the Web will Reality for all. However, the reality of 2008 reveals that there is A population sector that either has no access to the Internet or not Dominates new technologies or, simply, prefers environments The traditional book, the written press. Notably Yet much of the knowledge is not in digital format. The quasi-magical view of Libraries as a solemn physical place, realm of knowledge And space for reflection and recreation. While it is true That libraries should promote and encourage the use of New technologies, it is also true that libraries have The ministerial responsibility to respond to the needs and Interests of all, including those in which the View of the library as that pleasant place where people Sits down to enjoy a good book. To that end, the library Should also provide spaces for the use of printed resources And face-to-face services. It is definitely important that Libraries to serve and focus on people. To achieve it is It is necessary to achieve that balance or harmony between the physical and the virtual. Few can so concisely describe this balance as The pairing of these tensions is shown below: Permanence :: Transience Andrew McDonald (2002), a specialist architect In the design of libraries, establishes that the most Buildings in the information age should be The following: functional, adaptable, accessible, varied, interactive, Conducive, environment adequate, safe, efficient, adequate For information technologies. Showing up next A synopsis of McDonald’s proposal. Taught as a process and integrated into the curriculum. According to the scholars of the subject, the most important factors that have Promoted the implementation of the new model in the institutions Education are the support of senior management, the commitment of Educators and their vision of the constructivist learning process And the preparation, commitment, and leadership of the librarian. In The case of Puerto Rico, efforts were initiated in 2000 To implement the new model for teaching The ICs. Although schools and institutions of higher education Have successful projects in this area, the model has not yet Has become widespread. Therefore, this article aims to Identify the most important factors that promote or limit the Implementation of the new model, identify which of these factors Are observed in Puerto Rico and recommend strategies to achieve their Implementation.